The collective agreement covers you against arbitrary dismissals and dismissals, because the agreements set out the rules to be followed in the event of termination, i.e. the so-called termination procedures. Although the collective agreement itself is not applicable, many of the negotiated terms relate to wages, conditions, leave, pensions, etc. These conditions are included in a worker`s employment contract (whether the worker is unionized or not); and the employment contract is of course applicable. If the new conditions are not acceptable to individuals, they may be contrary to their employer; but if the majority of workers have agreed, the company will be able to dismiss the complainants, usually unpunished. Collective agreements are used to supplement legislation or to negotiate scope-specific contracts. The main principle is that collective agreements cannot contain terms that are less than the statutory requirements. Agreements are usually specific to the field. They include the conditions of employment of working office workers, for example. B, in the finance, IT services, construction, metallurgical and data communication sectors. In Finland, collective agreements are of general application. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized.
For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. It is important to note that after the conclusion of a KBA, both the employer and the union are required to respect this agreement. Therefore, an employer should retain the assistance of a lawyer before participating in collective bargaining. Collective bargaining has five main steps; We will then talk about each of these steps. The first step is to prepare both parties. The negotiating team should be made up of people with the organization and the ability to be an effective negotiator.